Driverless cars – Who will be to blame?

The Luddites were an interesting bunch. Rioting and protesting in fear of machines taking their jobs in the textile industry which in the end, required the army to suppress. But what the Luddites dreaded eventually came true and technology today is replacing workers around the globe. Now, the automotive network is in a similar situation. On the back of reading a thread on PistonHeads, I’d like to discuss more when, than, if autonomous cars are going to form part of the driving network.

On enthusiast motoring sites, focus is on the driver’s car, occasionally snubbing lower-end models for those where engineers are allowed to show off their prowess. But, even these cars are susceptible to smidgens of new technology, take the Porsche 911 (991) GT3 RS as an example. The first of its kind to ditch the manual gearbox in favour of a 7-speed PDK. In turn, everyday cars are fitted with more and more sensors slowly removing the driver from driving situations, helping to keep the car in lane and keeping a safe distance between it and the lead car in motorway traffic.  I’ll be honest, I am all for these updates as it helps drop insurance premiums due to less incidents.

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Tesla, Google and Audi have showcased driverless technology over the past few years with the latter proving its autonomous capabilities by letting the RS7 tackle the Hockenheimring and chauffeuring celebrities to the red carpet. Tesla’s autopilot system combines laser cruise control, lane assist and a combination of sensors, radars and cameras to steer you safely to a parking space.

A parade lap on an empty race track is a little different to the school run where children may dart out at any instant. Who is to blame if and when there is an accident? Google’s own test car has had minor incidents at low speeds blaming other drivers over a six-year period racking up over a million miles. There has been one incident involving a bus where the Google car was to blame.

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Before getting behind the wheel, a driver must study endless scenarios and rules. Drivers learn that larger vehicles (buses and lorries) are a lot less likely to give way and drivers in certain makes refrain from using indicators. It all comes with experience. An experienced driver will also manoeuvre a car to avoid hurting a passenger during a crash. But how can you teach that to a driverless car?

Are manufacturers programming cars to minimise the loss of life even it it means sacrificing the driver and passengers? Humans have an innate need to survive so a car that can potentially sacrifice the driver is one that may sway the buying decision. An MIT report states, “people are in favour of cars that sacrifice the occupant to save other lives — as long they don’t have to drive one themselves.”

google_car_002Volvo has joined Google by accepting full liability for accidents of their driverless cars in turn pushing the US government to set up consistent rules across states. In the US, it is illegal to jaywalk making it easier to test autonomous vehicles but here in the UK we aren’t as patient – we bolt across the street expecting the wrath of the angry driver if we leave it a little too late.

Currently, the UK allows for autonomous testing,  ‘providing a test driver is present and takes responsibility for the safe operation of the vehicle; and that the vehicle can be used compatibly with road traffic law.’

Summer 2017 will see the Government reviewing and amending domestic regulations to accommodate driverless tech but driverless lorries are being trialled on the M6 later this year.

When the autonomous car takes over from the driver’s car could it mean the road and highway code as we know it could disappear? And will the ethical thinking of the car play a major part in the buying process? These are questions I can’t answer but I am very intrigued to find out.

 

Sources: Gov UKTED TalksGoogleAutocarNextweb, Tech CrunchMIT Technology review, BBC News, Spectator

To drive or not to drive? The question Mercedes poses at CES 2015

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Autonomy is going to be the rage in 2015, late in 2014 we saw an Audi RS7 drive a blisteringly quick lap at Hockenheim Grand Prix track, we saw the Google autonomous vehicle taking to the streets of California and we have also seen military vehicles driven without any human interference. Now in 2015, Mercedes have shown off their new project; the F 015 Luxury in Motion autonomous vehicle. Launched today at CES in Las Vegas, Nevada, the car, as we know it is going to change.

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The F 015 Luxury in Motion’s (LM) body is built with carbon fibre reinforced plastic, aluminium and high strength steel allowing the F 015 LM to be up to 40% lighter than most cars of its size. Ever so slightly shorter than a long wheel base S-Class it manages to increase the ‘living space’ in the car by an additional 445mm due to it being wider and taller than the current S-Class.

No matter how luxurious a car may be, some may say its defining moment is when a celebrity gets out gracefully. Mercedes may or may not have had that in mind when designing the rear doors but the twin rear hinged doors open 90 degrees whilst the seats swivel 30 degrees allowing a graceful exit no matter how flamboyant or constraining the attire may be.

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To maximise the ‘living space’ in the F 015, B-pillars were removed and each door can be opened independently of one another. Mercedes have designed a new impact protection for the passengers if there is a side on collision. A belt line under the side windows inflate much like an airbag allowing them to absorb as much of the impact as possible.

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According to Mercedes, the interior is like no other. More of a living space than a seat to your next destination. Crafted out of open grain walnut, glass, ice white nappa leather and aluminium. The four luxurious lounge chairs can be positioned opposite each other, perfect for a meeting or else in tandem as is per usual in a normal car. Passengers are connected through a choice of six screens, which are controlled via eye tracking, gesture recognition and touch.

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The F 015 is capable of being driven manually or left to its own devices in fully autonomous mode. In each mode, other drivers and pedestrians will be alerted by large LED modules at the front and back of the vehicle in either white for manual or blue for autonomous mode. When thee driver chooses to drive the car manually, both the driver and passenger seats swivel whilst a steering wheel emerges from the dashboard. The F 015 may be being powered by Hydrogen fuel cells, which were pioneered in the F-Cell Plug-in hybrid seen on the F 125! research vehicle back in 2011.

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